It’s a long-lasting disease that affects your mouth. It doesn’t go away, but you can keep it under control.
Anybody can get it. Women are more likely to have it than men. It’s most common in people older than 40. But kids and young adults can also get it.
What Causes It?
- We aren’t sure what causes oral lichen planus. It may run in your family.
- It is autoimmune disease.
- With oral lichen planus, immune fighter cells get confused and attack the lining of your mouth.
- Other possible triggers include medicines like painkillers, high blood pressure treatments, diabetes drugs, and malaria medications.
- It may also be a reaction to metal, such as dental fillings. It could be triggered by other mouth problems such as having a rough crown or a habit of biting your cheeks or tongue.
- oral lichen planus isn’t contagious
What Are the Symptoms?
Symptoms can come on slowly or start all at once.
- You may start out with dryness or a metallic, burning taste in your mouth.
- Then you’ll see white patches on your tongue, cheeks, and gums. They can be tiny dots or lines that make a lace-like pattern. You may also have redness and swelling. Sometimes, there’s peeling or blistering.
THESE PATCHES CAN produce burning and painful. They’ll likely hurt the most when you eat or drink foods that are spicy, salty, acidic (orange juice, tomatoes), or alcoholic.
Diagnosis : history,clinical examination and biopsy(removing small piece of affected area)
- How Is It Treated?
If you only feel a slight roughness in your mouth, you may not need treatment. If pain or ulcer present then local corticosteroid cream may be applied and if not subsiding then oral steroids tablets may be used.
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